Saturday, June 16, 2012

Political sociology: Meaning and transformation of political power

This "Political sociology," published by Gadjah mada University Press (2010) is a series of critical reviews on critical issues relating to the authority or power, the relation 'state' and 'civil society', democracy and the formation of classical and contemporary society, elite and class studies, and studies of stability and social instability. The study of critical issues on political power was conducted with reference to the many perspectives of thought, from Hobbes, Montesquieu, Durkheim, Max Weber, Karl Marx, Althusser, Horkheimer, Gramsci, Alexis de Tocqueville, Vilfredo Pareto, Gaetano Mosca, SM Lipset, H. Crough, F.W. Riggs, Schmitter, Nordhaus to C. Wright Mills, Liddle, Hefner, Fukuyama, and a number of other thinkers. In this context a dialogue also constructs elite, the Java community, and Islamic thinkers about the power of thought refers to Anderson, Ibn Khaldun, Abd Ali. Raziq, in addition to the thought of Mawdudi as well. This book assess the relation elite and community or civil society. It had placed in the context of the use of power. Elites tend to dominate the civil society. Kenneth Minogue (1994) Professor Emeritus in Political Science at the London School of Economics said that an elite party, or vanguard, takes over all the power and proceeds to tutor the population in how to think and to act. In the historical practice even tend to use violence. Therefore, this book invites the reader understanding the tendency of elites using violence, especially by the elite who have lost their moral sensibility as it appears in the study of C. Wright Mills. Transformation and political change towards modern politics assessed through the general election in this case is placed as a step towards the consolidation of power and democracy. It's studied also through cultural preconditions necessary to consolidate a democratic political system. Empirical experience is necessary, in this case taken from the experience of Indonesia, a nation that has a known population base of a powerful religious political legitimation.

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